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Long Form Name

The Arab Republic of Egypt


Cairo. It is the largest city in the Arab World, Africa, and the Middle East. It is also the industrial and commercial center of Egypt.

Other Major Cities

Alexandria, Tanta, Port Said, Luxor, Aswan, Zagazig and Assiut


Total: 1,001,450 sq km

Land: 995,450 sq km

Water: 6,000 sq km


Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and   the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula.

Geographic Coordinates

27 00 N, 30 00 E


78.7(May 2008 est.)


Arabic (official), English and French widely understood

The Flag

A tricolor of red, white, and black, with the golden eagle of Saladin, which is the Egyptian national emblem, set in the middle.


Egyptian Pound = 100 Piasters

1 US Dollar = approximately 5.5696

Egyptian Pounds (27/7/2009)

National Day

23rd of July. It commemorates the Anniversary of the 1952 Revolution.


28 February 1922 (from UK)

Land Boundaries

Total: 2,665 km

Border countries: Gaza Strip 11 km, Israel 266 km, Libya 1,115 km, Sudan 1,273 km


Vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta


Hot, dry summers with moderate winters.